• audi
  • porsche
  • jaguar
  • landrover
  • volvo

How to Change a Tyre - 5 Simple Steps to do it Yourself

Getting stuck on the side of the road can make some people feel pretty helpless, and the first thing many motorists do is reach for the mobile phone and call roadside assistance.

CUSTOMER STORIES

How to Change a Tyre - 5 Simple Steps to do it Yourself

 

 

Getting stuck on the side of the road can make some people feel pretty helpless, and the first thing many motorists do is reach for the mobile phone and call roadside assistance. However being stuck with a fixable problem like a flat tyre is pretty simple for anyone to deal with once you know some handy tips that make the process easier. 

While modern day technology has done much to prevent a tyre blowout, other road hazards such as sharp objects are still omnipresent and capable of causing a tyre puncture. So whether you drive often or not, every driver should know the ins and outs of how to change a flat tyre. Below are five simple steps to get you back on your way in no time. 

Just before we jump right into it, always ensure your vehicle has all the necessary tools, or else it could be tricky to get moving again. This includes the owner’s manual, a car jack, a tyre wrench, lug bolt/nut key (if required) and of course the spare tyre.

5 simple steps to make tyre changes easier

1. Pull over in a safe and secure place

The rule of thumb is to never change a tyre on a hill or incline. Always seek a flat surface, even if this entails driving just a bit further to reach a suitable location. Turn on your hazards and apply the parking brake before exiting the vehicle. Remove your tools and the spare wheel, and pop off the wheel cover if required.

2. Loosen the wheel nuts

It’s likely the lug bolts/nuts will be a little tight, so to loosen them up, you can find the end of the wrench that fits the lug nuts on your vehicle and start turning the nut counter-clockwise. Don't remove the lug nuts completely; just get them loose enough to remove them all by hand after you jack the car up. 

3. Jack it up

Most manuals will include specific ‘lifting points’ for jack placements, usually a slot under the frame next to the wheel. Raise the car high enough (normally around six inches) to not only remove the current wheel, but also to replace it with the spare. 

4. Slip on the new wheel 

Remove the lug nuts by hand and put them in a safe place. Pull the wheel away from the studs straight towards you. Place the spare wheel on the hub and align the rim with the wheel bolts and put the nuts back on - tighten them all by hand first and then finish with the wrench. 

Tip - To ensure the tyre is balanced, don’t tighten the bolts one at a time. 

5. Lower the vehicle 

Carefully wind the jack handle until the wheels touch the ground and remove the jack from underneath the car. Finish off tightening the bolts with the wrench and replace the wheel cover if required. 

You’re almost on your way, but before you drive off, don’t forget to check the pressure of your spare tyre. Although you’re probably in a hurry as changing the tyre has knocked you off schedule, we recommend that you take all precautions by taking it easy when setting off, especially if your spare tyre has been unused for a long time.

New Zealand Road Rules for Spare Tyres

Are spare tyres subject to the same rules as other tyres? Here’s an excerpt of the road rules for spare tyres from the New Zealand Transport Agency.

Rule: 2.6 Spare Tyres

2.6(1) If a vehicle carries a spare tyre, that tyre must be securely attached on or in the vehicle.

2.6(2) A spare tyre that does not comply with [rules] 2.3(1), 2.3(3) or 2.3(7), or a tyre that has not been repaired in accordance with rule 3.2, may be fitted to a motor vehicle to replace a disabled tyre, and the vehicle may be operated using the spare tyre only in an emergency, and if:

(a) the speed of the vehicle is substantially reduced in dry road conditions and to a greater extent in wet road conditions; and

(b) that tyre is replaced as soon as practicable with a tyre that complies with 2.3 and, as applicable, one of the vehicle standards specified in this rule.